KAHN, Louis

(1901-1974)
   Louis Kahn is best known for infusing a subtle poetic grace to modern architecture. Using mainly concrete, he provided a gentle rhythm to his designs, and that practice made him a famous architect of museums, where the gallery space itself came to be viewed as a work of art. Born in Estonia, Kahn settled in Philadelphia and taught at the University of Pennsylvania and Yale University, training some of the most important architects of the following generation, including Renzo Piano, Norman Foster, and Tadao Ando. His first public commission of importance was the Yale University Art Gallery, built in New Haven, Connecticut, in the 1950s, and his most famous building is the Kimbell Art Museum, constructed in Fort Worth, Texas, from 1967 to 1972. This small museum features a parallel row of barrel vaults that enclose the main gallery space and provide a gentle, undulating rhythm to the exterior. Using post-tensioned reinforced concrete, Kahn makes the otherwise heavy material appear weightless. Inside the building, rectangular and square gallery spaces reveal an irregular floor plan that continues the idea of spatial rhythmic variety. This type of museum interior requires an active rather than passive participation by the visitor, who moves from small to large exhibition spaces that flow through the building. Known as an architectural philosopher, Louis Kahn infused his modern buildings with a subtle and enduring elegance.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KAHN, LOUIS I. — KAHN, LOUIS I. (1901–1974), U.S. architect. Born on the island of Osel (Saaremaa), Estonia, he was taken to the U.S. in 1905. After traveling in Europe he worked with Paul Cret, an academic architect, and later became an expert in city planning.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KAHN, LOUIS — (1895–1967), French general and naval engineer. Born in Versailles, Kahn commanded a battery in World War I and was wounded twice. After the war, he graduated as a maritime engineer and helped construct the first modern French cruisers. Head of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kahn, Louis I. — ▪ American architect in full  Louis Isadore Kahn   born Feb. 20, 1901, Osel, Estonia, Russian Empire died March 17, 1974, New York, N.Y., U.S.  American architect whose buildings, characterized by powerful, massive forms, made him one of the most …   Universalium

  • Kahn, Louis — (1901 74)    American architect, of Estonian origin. Born in Osel, Estonia, he came to the US at the age of four. He studied at the University of Pennsylvania, and worked in various architectural offices. He later taught architecture at Yale… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Kahn, Louis l. — ► (1901 74) Arquitecto estadounidense. Autor del Centro social y deportivo de Trenton …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kahn,Louis Isadore — Kahn (kän), Louis Isadore. 1901 1974. Estonian born American architect whose bold monumental designs include the Yale University Art Gallery (1954) and the Kimbell Art Museum in Fort Worth, Texas (1972). * * * …   Universalium

  • Kahn, Louis I(sadore) — born Feb. 20, 1901, Osel, Estonia, Russian Empire died March 17, 1974, New York, N.Y., U.S. Estonian born U.S. architect. He came to the U.S. as a child and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania. One of the century s most original… …   Universalium

  • Kahn, Louis I(sadore) — (20 feb. 1901, Osel, Estonia, Imperio ruso–17 mar. 1974, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Arquitecto estadounidense de origen estonio. Llegó a EE.UU. siendo un niño y se graduó de la Universidad de Pensilvania. Uno de los arquitectos más originales del …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Louis Kahn — Louis Isadore Kahn (* 20. Februar 1901 in Kuressaare auf Saaremaa, Estland; † 17. März 1974 in New York) war ein bedeutender US amerikanischer Architekt, Stadtplaner und Hochschullehrer. Sein Arbeitsschwerpunkt waren öffentliche Bauten. Er war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Khan — Louis Isadore Kahn (* 20. Februar 1901 in Kuressaare auf Saaremaa, Estland; † 17. März 1974 in New York) war ein bedeutender US amerikanischer Architekt, Stadtplaner und Hochschullehrer. Sein Arbeitsschwerpunkt waren öffentliche Bauten. Er war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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